WHAT IS DYSLEXIA?
Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability. Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, which result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading. Students with dyslexia usually experience difficulties with other language skills such as spelling, writing, and pronouncing words. Dyslexia affects individuals throughout their lives; however, its impact can change at different stages in a person’s life. It is referred to as a learning disability because dyslexia can make it very difficult for a student to succeed academically in the typical instructional environment, and in its more severe forms, will qualify a student for special education, special accommodations, or extra support services.
For a FACT SHEET – Dyslexia Basics – click HERE to go to the International Dyslexia Association website – eida.org.
There are facts sheets on a variety of dyslexia related topics including: AD/HD and Dyslexia , Adolescents and Adults with Dyslexia , Dyslexia and the Brain, Gifted and Dyslexic, Spelling, Dyslexia Assessment, Effective Reading Instruction for Students with Dyslexia, Evaluating Professionals, Testing and Evaluation , as well as others.
SIGNS OF DYSLEXIA?
The problems displayed by individuals with dyslexia involve difficulties in acquiring and using written language. It is a myth that individuals with dyslexia “read backwards,” although spelling can look quite jumbled at times because students have trouble remembering letter symbols for sounds and forming memories for words. Other problems experienced by people with dyslexia include the following:
- Learning to speak
- Learning letters and their sounds
- Organizing written and spoken language
- Memorizing number facts
- Reading quickly enough to comprehend
- Persisting with and comprehending longer reading assignments
- Learning a foreign language
- Correctly doing math operations
Not all students who have difficulties with these skills have dyslexia. Formal testing of reading, language, and writing skills is the only way to confirm a diagnosis of suspected dyslexia.